The History and Relevance of Greek Mythology

Myths were not just a series of stories passed down through generations but served as a purpose to explain things humans could not comprehend, such as natural disasters, weather, death, and other natural events. Myths were also used to teach a lesson and use to justify customs/traditions, such as sacrifice rituals. Greek mythology influenced modern culture in buildings, architectural design, companies, books, tv shows, movies, games, city names, sports teams, etc. Popular brands use greek mythology to symbolize their companies like Versace (Medusa’s head), Nike (swoosh logo is the wing of the Greek goddess of victory named Nike), Starbucks (siren), etc. There is no specific source indicating when Greek myths started as it was originally transmitted orally. Eventually, early Greek poets like Hesiod and Homer began to record Greek myths. The first written of greek mythology is Hesiod’s poem “Theogony” (“Birth of the Gods”), which was around 700 BC. Each storyteller told their story in their way, which is why there are many versions, but the central concept remains the same. Greek mythology consists of gods/goddesses, heroes, monsters/creatures.